• Introduction
    • Nationalism
      • Monarchs
        • Maintaining power vs pleasing the people
    • Industrialization
      • Russia lags behind
    • Conservatism, Balance of Power
  • Domestic Conflict
    • Feudal Systems
      • Working Class vs Nobility
    • Czar Nicholas I
      • Used nobles support
      • Complete, absolute monarchy
      • Against industrialization
  • Crimean War
    • Russia tries to get warm-water ports
      • Loses war
      • Russia looks weak
    • Loses because of lack of transportation
      • Army can’t get supplies
    • Shows weakness of Concert of Europe
  • Alexander II’s Reforms
    • Modernization
      • Industrialization -> Win Wars
    • Emancipation of Serfs (1861)
      • Nobility gives land to peasants
      • Peasants pay “redemption payments” to nobles
        • Try to gain support of peasants
        • Try to keep nobility happy
    • Judicial system, military
    • Reform from above
      • Try to avoid changing government
  • Alexander III’s Conservatism
    • Reforms = Weak
      • More censorship
      • Secret police
      • Uniform culture
        • Ban all others
    • Continues industrialization
  • Nicholas II
    • Industrial Lag
      • Higher taxes to speed up industrialization
      • Foreign investors
        • Borrows money
    • Continues Industrialization
      • Boosts steal production
      • Construction of Trans-Siberian Railway
        • Coast to Coast connection
    • Weak, insecure, isolated ruler
      • Relies on the wife’s advice
    • WWI
      • Joins war, goes to warfront
      • Loses
      • Withdraws from war
        • Domestic turmoil
        • People unhappy
      • Soldiers mutiny
    • Wife takes over locally (Alexandria)
      • Rasputin takes over
        • Evil, fraud
        • Assassinated by nobles
  • Nationalism
    • Rapid industrialization
      • Urbanization
      • Reform
        • Unions outlawed
        • Why should we listen to the czar?
    • Marxism
      • Educated adopts these beliefs
      • During and after WWI
      • Revolution from below
      • Mensheviks vs Bolsheviks
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