• Political Spectrum
    • Conservative (Right) – Reactionary
      • Oppose change, preserver status quo
      • upper class + nobility
      • Preserve order, idealistic
    • Liberal (left) – Radical
      • More change = more progress
  • Metternich System
    • Congress of Vienna
      • Suppress nationalism (stop change)
      • Revert Europe to pre-French revolution state
        • Restore rulers, nobility
      • Divine right absolutism
    • Reign of Terror
      • Spies, traitors, propaganda, use of force
    • Concert of Europe
      • Born from Congress of Vienna
      • Great powers look out for each other
        • Treaty of collective security
          • Help each other stop revolution
      • Successful in maintaining peace
        • Lasts until WWI
      • Put down revolutions
    • Spread of Conservatism
      • Carlsbad Decrees
        • German States
        • Stop revolutionaries
          • Stops college students from joining revolutionary “frats”
      • Six Acts
        • Suppresses 6 individual freedoms
      • July Ordinances
        • Revokes free speech, freedom of press
        • Limits education
  • Nationalism: a desire for national advancement or independence shared by people of common customs, culture, and language
    • Comonalities
      • Race, language, customs, traditions, religion, nationality
      • Desirable and NECCESARY
      • Extreme Nationalism
        • “our nation is the best” (i.e. Hitler)
  • Revolutions
    • Romantic Ideals
      • People want their own countries
    • 1805 – 1830
      • Latin American Revolutions
    • 1820-1823
      • Portugal, Spain, Greece
        • Greece succeeds
          • Many people respected ancient Greek culture
          • Christians did not want Muslims (the ottomans) to rule over Rome
    • Revolutions of 1830
      • French, Louis-Napoleon, nephew of napoleon is elected to rule
    • Revolution of 1848
      • Belgians rebel, split from Denmark
        • 1st successful revolution without outside influence
        • Recognized as a nation
  • Demands
    • Causes
      • Economic troubles
      • Increased education
        • Fight for rights
      • Self-government
      • unification

         
         

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