1. Middle Ages (500s – 1500s)
    1. Catholic Church had great power
      1. No one questions church
    2. Life’s Goal: Prepare for afterlife
      1. Devoted Christians -> Heaven
        1. Don’t Sin
        2. Don’t Lie
      2. Current (Material) Life doesn’t matter
    3. Education
      1. only for rich
      1. Real Governments, Quests for Power
        1. Governments want money, power, land, army

          – high taxes

           
           

  2. Renaissance (1300’s)
    1. Church criticism grows
      1. people question church beliefs
    2. Humanism
      1. Importance of individual
      2. You are important, not just church
    3. Changing Focus
      1. Education
      2. new thoughts
      3. literature
      4. printing press

     
     

     
     

  3. Reformation
    1. Challenges
      1. challenging church
      2. Why?
    2. Protestant church
      1. people disagree with church
      2. conflict
    3. Changing Focus
      1. Religion is more personal
      2. Life not centered on church
      3. Personal achievements
      4. Democracy?

 
 

  1. Scientific Revolution(1600)
    1. Scientific Method
      1. Hypothesis->experiment->observation->results
      2. Bacon + Descartes theories
  • Bacon: experimental method
  • Descartes: reasoning + logic
  • Laws of Nature
  1. Newton’s Law of Gravitation
  2. Galileo’s Heliocentric Theory (copernicus)
  3. Newton’s Law of Motion
  1. Discovery
    1. Science, philosophy
  2. Changing Focus
    1. learning
    2. scientific method (empericism)
    3. math
    4. reasoning
    5. church could be wrong
  1. The Modern Era
    1. Changing Focus
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