• Origin of the Enlightenment
    • Renaissance
      • Science
      • Art
      • Humanism
    • Reformation
      • Dissent
      • Education
      • Physical World vs after life
      • Question Church
  • Ideals
    • Deism
      • Belief that God will be with everyone individually
      • Not just church
    • Science & Reason
      • Social scientist prove theories with reason
    • Virtuous Life
      • Live peacefully
    • Liberty
      • freedom to run our lives
  • Thinkers
    • Thomas Hobbes
      • Conflict is human nature
      • Government w/ complete control preserves order
      • Wrote Leviathan and Behemoth
      • Social contracts: give up rights for order, save us from chaos
      • Rebellions = breach of contract -> chaos
      • Enemy of democracy, defender of absolutism
    • John Locke
      • everyone is equal and free
      • people can change behavior
      • Use experiences to grow
      • self-government, people give government power
      • Two Treatises of Government
      • people have right to life, liberty and property
      • government preserves people’s rights
      • consent of people to rule
    • Montesquieu
      • Separation of Power
      • Spirit of the Laws
      • No one group has complete control
      • checks & balances
    • Rousseau
      • All people are free, freedom for all individuals
      • Direct democracy
      • Egalitarian
      • equal (all men are equal), no social classes
      • Nobel Savage

        less government = better

      • Social Contract (different)

        all people vote directly

        work together

    • Voltaire
      • used safire against enemies

        sacrastic, offensive (arrested tnic, exiled)

      • Freedom of Religious, speech, etc

        “Even if I disagree with Everything you say, I will defend to the death your rights to say it”

      • Candidate
      • Tolerance
      • Limited Govermnent

        government is not absolute

    • Beccaria
      • No capital Punishment
      • Prisoners guar rented speedy trail
      • no torture
      • no irregular / cruel punishments
      • punishment demands on crime security
    • Mary Wellstone Craft
      • Woment’s rights
    • Adam Smith
      • Government shouldn’t intervent in economy
      • kaussez-faire economy
      • economy runs itself
      • father of capitalism

         
         

     
     

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